1.Arterial blood gas levels are obtained for a client. The client’s…

Question Answered step-by-step 1.Arterial blood gas levels are obtained for a client. The client’s… 1.      Arterial blood gas levels are obtained for a client. The client’s result are PH 7.46, CO2 48, HCO3 28. The client exhibits which of the following acid- base imbalances? A.     Metabolic acidosisB.     Metabolic alkalosisC.     Respiratory acidosisD.     Respiratory alkalosis 2.      The ANA code of Ethics for Nurses addresses issues and questions about morality including each of the following EXCEPT which? A.     Nurses collaborate with other health professionalsB.     Nurses practice with compassion and respect of every personC.     Nurses duties are greater to others than to own selfD.     Nurses have accountability and responsibility of nursing practice.  3.      The nurse suspects a 3 year- old child has aspirated a small object and is coughing vigorously. Which action should the nurse take first?A.     Perform a blind finger sweep of the child’s mouthB.     Deliver five rapid back blows between the shoulder bladesC.     Encourage the child to continue coughingD.     Deliver upward abdominal thrusts with a fisted hand. 4.      During orientation to an emergency department, the nurse educator would be concerned the new nurse listed which of the following as a risk factor for impaired thermoregulation? A.     Impaired cognitionB.     HomelessnessC.     Occupational exposureD.     Physical agility 5.      Pressure ulcers form primarily as a result of which of the following? A.     Tissue ischemiaB.     Nitrogen buildup in underlying tissueC.     Prolong illness or diseaseD.     Poor nutrition 6.      To assess the intensity of a client’s pain during a health history, the nurse could ask the client to do which of the following? A.     Describe methods used to manage the painB.     Rate the pain using a numeric rating scaleC.     Identify the measures used to relieve the painD.     Identify if the pain is localized or radiating 7.      The parent of a newborn question the nurse about the need for vaccinations: “Why does our baby need all those shots? He’s so small, and they cause him pain.”  The nurse can explain to the parents which of the following are true about vaccinations? Select All That Apply A.     Are part of primary prevention for system disordersB.     Prevent the child from getting all childhood diseasesC.     Help protect individual and communitiesD.     Are risk free to all children with no adverse effectsE.      Are recommended by the centers for disease control and prevention (CDC) 8.      While caring for a client on transmission- based contact precautions, the nurse verbalizes correct understanding of additional precautions to standard precautions by stating which of the following? A.     Gloves must be worn when entering the roomB.     A gown is not needed when providing direct careC.     The client can share a room if there is a curtain separating the bedsD.     The client does not need dedicated equipment left in the room 9.      A nurse is educating a client with a new diagnosis of osteoporosis, which of the following would NOT be included in the teaching? A.     Osteoporosis results in decrease bone densityB.     Osteoporosis is most painful following periods of restC.     Osteoporosis is often considered a silent thief or diseaseD.     Osteoporosis is a chronic disease of bone loss 10.  The nurse is listening for bowel sounds in a postoperative patient. The bowel sounds are slow, heard every 3 to 4 minutes. The client asks the nurse why this is happening. The most appropriate response from the nurse would be which of the following? A.     Anesthesia during surgery and pain medication after surgery may slow peristalsis in the bowel.B.     Some people have a slower bowel than others, and this is nothing to be concerned about.C.     Bowel peristalsis is slow because you are not up walking following surgery.D.     The foods you eat contribute to peristalsis; you need more fiber in your diet. 11.  The mother of an infant having received immunizations asks about the immunity this will provide the infant. The nurse explains to the mother, vaccinations provide the infant with which of the following types of immunity? A.     Acquired immunityB.     Natural immunityC.     Innate immunityD.     Nonspecific immunity 12.  A client is diagnosed with pertussis. Which of the following would NOT be included in the transmission- based precautions for this client? A.     Private roomB.     N95 maskC.     GlovesD.     Face shield 13.  To provide for the psychosocial needs of an immobilized client, an appropriate statement by the nurse is which of the following? A.     A roommate can be a real bother. You’d probably rather have a private room.B.     The staff will limit your visitors so that you will not be botheredC.     I think you should have your hair done and put on some makeupD.     Let’s discuss the routine to see if there are any changes we can make. 14.  Which of the following is the most important reason for the nurses to use critical thinking?A.     Nurses care for clients with multiple health problemsB.     Nurses work with other health care team membersC.     Nurses have to be flexible and work variable schedulesD.     Nurses need to follow polices and procedures 15.  A nurse is discussing advance directives with a client. Which of the following would be an INCORECT statement? A.     Client can change their advance directives wishes in writing at any timeB.     If an advance directive has not been completed, information is offered to client.C.     Client’s desires regarding healthcare are reflected in advance directivesD.     Family can update or change a client’s advance directives at any time. 16.  The nurse is talking to the unlicensed assistive personnel about moving a client in bed. The nurse knows the UAP understands the concept of mobility and proper moving techniques when making which of the following statements? A.     The client needs to have a trapeze over the bed to move properly.B.     The client needs to move themselves in bed to prevent immobilityC.     There is always a need to have a two- person assist to move a client in bed.D.     The Client needs to be moved correctly in bed to prevent sheering. 17.  When encouraging a fitness program for older adults, what must the nurse consider? A.     Older adults at risk for failing do activities that maintain or improve balanceB.     Older adults should engage 75 to 150 minutes of moderate – intensity physical activity per week.C.     More than 150 minutes of moderate- intensity physical activity can be harmful to bones.D.     Structured fitness programs achieve greater health benefits for older adults. 18.  Which of the following is NOT correct regarding state licensure laws? A.     Licensure is not necessary if the individual has completed training.B.     The state regulatory agencies, like the state board of nursing, are responsible for creating and enforcing these rules.C.     These laws establish the requirements for licensure to practice.D.     The scope of practice defines what the professional can and cannot do within the scope of their licensure. 19.  The client informs the nurse that the Health Care Provider is recommending a kidney biopsy. The client fears the result will be cancer and would not want treatment. The client feels it would be better just “not know.” Which action should be taken by the nurse to empower the client to take control of his/her health care needs? A.     Encourage the client to take with family and let the family decide.B.     Tell the client of his/her right to make decisions based on personal values and beliefs.C.     Explain to the client that the HCP is doing what is best for the client.D.     Talk with the HCP about the client’s fear of having the biopsy. 20.  A nurse caring for a client post- operatively has an order to administer 3.5 grams Ciprofloxacin. It is mixed in 150 mL of solution to be given over 40 minutes. The nurse calculates the rate to be set at how many mL/hr? 21.  The client admitted to the ED has a serum potassium level of 3.0 mEq/L. The nurse should assess for which of the finding? A.     Weak, irregular pulse.B.     Bounding pulseC.     Increased GI motilityD.     Hypotension 22.  The nurse, caring for a client recovering from surgery, is monitoring the urine output and will notify the surgeon if the output falls below which of the following amounts? A.     10 mL/ hrB.     50 mL/hrC.     30mL/hrD.     20 mL/hr 23.  A client in a long- term rehabilitation facility has been immobile and requires total assistance with repositioning. The nurse assesses a pressure area on the client’s coccyx measuring 2 cm by 4 cm, and further notes, the skin does not blanch, is reddened and has remained intact. What would the nurse identify this as?A.     Stage I pressure ulcerB.     Stage III pressure ulcerC.     Unstageable pressure ulcerD.     Stage II pressure ulcer. 24.  The nurse is preparing a consent form for a client to sign before a procedure. Which of the following statements is NOT accurate about informed consent? A.     The client must be informed of risks and benefits of the procedure.B.     The client does not need to give consent if the situation is an emergencyC.     Informed consent is required for hospital admissions and diagnostic procedures.D.     Two nurses can sign the informed consent if the client is not able to sign for himself. 25.  A nurse administers the wrong medication to a client and the client is harmed. The health care provider who ordered the medication did not read the documentation stating the client is allergic to the medication. Which statement is true regarding liability for the administration of the wrong medication?A.     Only the health care provider is responsible because the provider ordered the medicationB.     Both the nurse and the provider are responsible for their respective actions.C.     Only the nurse is responsible because the nurse administered the medication.D.     The nurse is not responsible because the nurse followed the providers order.   Health Science Science Nursing Share QuestionEmailCopy link Comments (0)

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